Main Types Of Eye Surgery
Eye surgery from discover vision for example encompasses several types of procedures for different needs. Check out the major eye surgeries below.
- Refractive Surgeries
Currently performed using special lasers – and sometimes with the placement of intraocular lenses – refractive surgeries can correct cases such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. There are 3 different techniques to perform this type of eye surgery, which are: PRK (1st generation), LASIK (2nd generation), or Smile (the most modern).
2 Glaucoma Surgery
Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by increased internal pressure in the eyes. If left untreated, the disease can cause permanent damage to the ocular nerve, even leading to cases of blindness. In many cases, treatment can be done using special eye drops, but some cases require surgery. In this procedure, a tiny tube (shunt) is implanted in the eyeball, which will help drain the fluid produced in excess. In this way, the pressure can be reduced.
- Cataract Surgery
Cataracts are a “disease of old age” characterized by the loss of elasticity and transparency of the crystalline lens (natural lens of the eyes). As a result, the patient gradually loses the ability to see. Cataract eye surgery replaces the crystalline lens with a 100% transparent artificial lens, solving the problem once and for all!
- Corneal Transplant
This procedure is usually recommended when an irregular cornea curvature is caused by problems such as infections or wounds, loss of corneal transparency, or cases of keratoconus, among others. It is also an option for situations where the cornea has been severely damaged by accidents or trauma. Corneal transplantation can be partial (penetrating keratoplasty) and partial (lamellar keratoplasty), only replacing damaged structures from a donated cornea.
- Eyelid Surgery
In cases of droopy eyelids – causing aesthetic or functional problems – blepharoplasty surgery may be recommended. It is a simple procedure in which excess skin and fat are removed, and these structures are lifted.
- Retinal Surgery
This type of surgery may be highly urgent in cases of retinal damage or detachment due to the risk of losing vision.
For correction of retinal problems, some possible surgical techniques are cryopexy, photocoagulation, scleral buckle, pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy.
- Surgery For Strabismus
In cases of strabismus – when the eyes do not move in alignment – the problem is ideally treated early in childhood, which can correct the problem without the need for surgery. Eye surgery may be indicated when this is not done – or if it is done but does not resolve. Thus, this eye surgery aims to weaken or strengthen the muscles to balance them again and help improve the strabismus condition.
Eye Surgery: Conquer More Quality Of Life
In this article, you learned about the central myths and truths about eye surgery such as smile lasik eye surgery and the main surgical options used today to solve different types of vision problems.
But, for that, the first step will always be the consultation with the ophthalmologist, not only when something is wrong with your sight, but in a preventive way.